Home / Øl / Humle Bekrivelser
21 april, 2015

Humle Bekrivelser

Posted in : Øl on by : Jesper

Kort om humlens historie :

Humlen er blomsten af en slyngplante der er i familie med cannabis. Den kan gro i næsten ethvert klima, og med den rette mængde vand og solskin kan rankerne blive op til 15 meter i højden.

Humle virker som konserveringsmiddel og smagsforstærker (den giver en bitter smag, der modvirker den søde smag fra maltsukkeret) og den giver en aroma, der varierer fra fyrretræ til citrus.

Brugen af humle i ølbrygning begyndte i starten af det 12. århundrede i Tyskland. Herfra bredte praksissen sig til England i starten af det 16. århundrede. Skotske pilsnere begyndte at bruge humle meget senere. De kan ikke gro i det kolde klima. Teknikken kom til USA i 1629.Kort om humlens historie :

Humlen er blomsten af en slyngplante der er i familie med cannabis. Den kan gro i næsten ethvert klima, og med den rette mængde vand og solskin kan rankerne blive op til 15 meter i højden.

Humle virker som konserveringsmiddel og smagsforstærker (den giver en bitter smag, der modvirker den søde smag fra maltsukkeret) og den giver en aroma, der varierer fra fyrretræ til citrus.

Brugen af humle i ølbrygning begyndte i starten af det 12. århundrede i Tyskland.
Herfra bredte praksissen sig til England i starten af det 16. århundrede.
Skotske pilsnere begyndte at bruge humle meget senere. De kan ikke gro i det kolde klima.
Teknikken kom til USA i 1629.

Navn

Alpha Acid
%

Typisk øl Stil

Mulige

erstatninger

Aroma beskrivelse

 

Admiral
(U.K.)

13.5% to
16%

Ale

U.K.
Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. Challenger

Known for
its bittering potential.

Bitterhumle

Ahtanum

4% to 6.3%

Lager, American Ales

Cascade, Amarillo

Floral,
citrus, sharp, and piney.

 

 

Amarillo

8% to 9%

Ale, IPA

Cascade,
Centennial

Citrusy,
flowery.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

 

Bramling
Cross (U.K.)

5% to 7%

ESB,
bitter, pale ale

U.K. Kent
Golding, U.K. Progress, Whitbread Golding Variety

Quite
mild, fruity currant aroma.

Bitterhumle

Brewer’s
Gold

7% to 8.5%

English
ale

Bullion

Bittering
hop with neutral aroma character.

Bitterhumle

Brewer’s
Gold (German)

6% to 7%

Ale,
heavier German-style lagers

Northdown,
Northern Brewer, Galena, Bullion

Black
currant, fruity, spicy.

 

Bullion

6.5% to 9%

IPA, ESB,
stout

Columbus,
Northern Brewer, German Brewer’s Gold

A rich hop
primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.

Bitterhumle

Cascade

4.5% to 7%

Pale ale,
IPA, porter, barleywine

Centennial,
Amarillo, possibly Columbus

Pleasant,
flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.

Aromahumle

Centennial

8% to
11.5%

All ale
styles, has been used with wheat beer

Cascade,
possibly Columbus

Medium
with floral and citrus tones.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Challenger
(U.K.)

6.5% to
8.5%

English-style
ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter

U.S. or
German Perle, Northern Brewer

Mild to
moderate, quite spicy.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Chinook

10% to 14%

Pale ale,
IPA, stout, porter, lager

Nugget,
Columbus, Northern Brewer, U.K. Target

Mild to
medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.

Bitterhumle

Cluster

5.5% to
8.5%

Ale and
lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager)

Galena

Medium and
quite spicy.

Bitterhumle

Columbus

11% to 16%

IPA, pale
ale, stout

Nugget,
Chinook, U.K. Target, Northern Brewer

Pleasant,
with pungent aroma.

 

Crystal

2%
to 4.5%

Lager, pilsner, ESB

Mt. Hood,
Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, Hallertauer

Mild and
pleasant, spicy and flowery.

Aromahumle

Eroica

9% to 12%

Wheat

Galena,
Nugget, Chinook

Strong but
pleasant aroma.

 

First Gold
(U.K.)

6.5% to
8.5%

Ale, ESB

U.K. Kent
Golding, maybe Crystal

A little
like Golding family; spicy.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Fuggle
(U.S.)

4% to 5.5%

Any
English-style beer or American ale

U.K. Fuggle,
Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. Tettnanger

Mild and
pleasant, earthy and fruity.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Fuggle
(U.K.)

4% to 5.5%

All
English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager

U.S.
Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding

Mild,
pleasant, hoppy, and robust.

Aromahumle

Galena

10% to 14%

Ale,
porter, stout, ESB, bitter

Nugget,
Pride of Ringwood, Chinook

Medium but
pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.

Bitterhumle

Golding
(U.S.)

4% to 6%

Pale ale,
ESB, all English-style beer

U.K.
Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle
family

Mild,
extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.

Aromahumle

Hallertauer
(U.S.)

3.5% to
5.5%

Lager,
pilsner, bock, wheat

Liberty,
Ultra, Hallertauer Tradition

Very mild,
pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.

Aromahumle

Hallertauer
Gold

6% to 6.5%

 

Crystal,
Mt. Hood

Known for
its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.

Aromahumle

Hallertauer
Mittelfrüh

3% to 5.5%

Lager,
bock, wheat, maybe pilsner

Liberty,
German Tradition, Ultra

Mild and
pleasant.

Aromahumle

Hallertauer
Tradition (Ger.)

3.5% to
5.5%

Mild-flavored
beers

Crystal,
Liberty

Known for
its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

Aromahumle

Hersbrucker
(German)

3% to 5.5%

Lager,
pilsner, bock, wheat

Mt. Hood,
French Strisslespalt

Mild to
semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.

Aromahumle

Horizon

11% to 14%

Ale, lager

Magnum or
a high-alpha hop

Pleasantly
hoppy.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Kent
Golding (U.K.)

4% to 5.5%

All
English-style ales, ESB, bitter

U.S.
Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress

Gentle,
fragrant, and pleasant.

Aromahumle

Liberty

3% to 6%

Lager,
pilsner, bock, wheat

Hallertauer
Tradition, Hallertauer, Mt. Hood

Mild and
clean aroma, slightly spicy character.

Aromahumle

Magnum

13% to 15%

All beers,
particularly lager, pilsner, stout

Northern
Brewer

Known for
bittering value and quality.

Bitterhumle

Mt. Hood

3% to 8%

Lager,
pilsner, bock, wheat

Crystal,
French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker

Mild,
pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.

Aromahumle

Northdown
(U.K.)

7.5% to
9.5%

All ales,
porter

UK Challenger, Northern Brewer

Fruity
with some spiciness.

Bitterhumle

Northern
Brewer (U.S.)

6% to 10%

ESB,
bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer

Nugget,
Chinook

Medium-strong
with some wild tones.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Northern
Brewer (German)

7% to 10%

ESB,
bitter, English pale ale, porter

Chinook,
U.S. Northern Brewer

Medium-strong
with some wild tones.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Northwest
Golding

4% to 5%

Ale,
porter, stout, ESB, bitter

 

Known for
aromatic properties.

 

Nugget

11%
to 14.5%

Light lager

Columbus,
Chinook, U.K. Target, Galena

Quite
heavy and herbal.

Bitterhumle

Olympic

11% to 13%

 

Chinook

Mild to
medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.

 

Perle
(U.S.)

6%
to 9.5%

Pale
ale, porter, German styles

Northern
Brewer, Cluster, Galena, Chinook

Known for
its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Perle (German)

6%
to 8.5%

Pale
ale, porter, lager

U.S.
Perle, Northern Brewer

Moderately
intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.

Aromahumle

Phoenix
U.K.

4.2% to
5.5%

All ales

U.K.
Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Challenger

Similar to
U.K. Challenger.

 

Pioneer
(U.K.)

8% to 10%

Ale, ESB

U.K. Kent
Golding

A mild,
typical English aroma.

 

Polish Lublin

3% to 4.5%

Pilsner

U.S. Saaz,
Czech Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger

Mild and
typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.

 

Pride of
Ringwood (Australia)

7% to 10%

Australian
lager

Galena,
Cluster

Quite
pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.

Bitterhumle

Progress (U.K.)

5% to 7.5%

Ale,
bitter, ESB, porter

U.K. Kent
Golding, Fuggle

Moderately
strong, good aroma.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Saaz
(Czech)

3% to 4.5%

Pilsner

U.S. Saaz,
Polish Lublin

Very mild
with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.

Aromahumle

Saaz
(U.S.)

3% to 5%

Pilsner,
lager, wheat

Czech
Saaz, Polish Lublin

Mild and
pleasant, earthy and spicy.

Aromahumle

Santiam

5% to 7.9%

Lager,
American ale, pilsner

German
Tettnanger, German Spalt

Noble
characteristics.

Aromahumle

Satus

12.5% to
14%

 

Galena

Known for
its bittering and aromatic properties.

Bitterhumle

Simcoe

12% to 14%

American
Ales

 

A
bittering and aromatic hop.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Spalt (German)

4%
to 5.5%

Lager

U.S. Saaz,
U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt Select

Mild and
pleasant, slightly spicy.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Spalt
Select (German)

4% to 6%

Lager, and
any beer where noble aroma is wanted

U.S. Saaz,
U.S. Tettnanger, German Spalt

Very fine
Spalter-type aroma.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Spalt
Select (U.S.)

3% to 5%

German
lagers

Tettnanger,
Saaz

Medium
intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild
American tones.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Sterling

6%
to 9%

Lager, ale,
pilsner

Saaz,
Polish Lublin

Herbal,
spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Strisslespalt
(France)

3%
to 5%

Pilsner,
lager, wheat

Mt. Hood,
Crystal, Hersbrucker

Medium
intensity, pleasant, hoppy.

Aromahumle

Styrian
Golding (Slovenia)

4.5% to 6%

All
English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager

U.S.
Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, Willamette

Delicate,
slightly spicy.

Aromahumle

Target
(U.K.)

9.5% to
12.5%

All ale
and lager

Fuggle,
Willamette

Pleasant
English hop aroma, quite intense.

 

Tettnanger
(U.S.)

3.4% to
5.2%

German
ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat

German
Spalt, Czech Saaz Santiam

An
aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.

Aromahumle

Tettnanger
(German)

3.5% to 5.5%

Lager, ale

German
Spalt, German Spalt Select,
U.S. Tettnanger, Saaz

Mild and pleasant,
slightly spicy, herbal.

Aromahumle

Tomahawk

15% to 17%

Ale

Columbus

Primarily
a bittering hop.

Bitterhumle

Tradition
(German)

5% to 7%

Lager,
pilsner

Hersbrucker,
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh

Very fine
and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.

 

Ultra

2% to 4.1%

Lager,
pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales

Liberty,
Hallertauer Tradition, Saaz

Very good
to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to
Hallertauer.

Aromahumle

Vanguard

4% to
5.67%

Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Kölsch, Wheat,
Belgian-Style Ales

 

Saaz,
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh

Aroma
similar to continental European types.

Aromahumle

Warrior

15% to 17%

Ale, stout

Nugget

A
bittering and aromatic hop.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

WGV
(Whitbread Golding Variety) (U.K.)

5% to 7%

Ale

U.K. Kent
Golding, U.K. Progress

Quite
pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.

Bitterhumle

Aromahumle

Willamette

3.5% to 6%

Pale ale,
ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout

U.S.
Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Styrian Golding

Mild and
pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.

Aromahumle

Yakima
Cluster

6% to 8.5%

 

 

Used as a
kettle hop for bittering.

Bitterhumle

Zeus

13% to 17%

 

Columbus

Aromatic
and pleasant.

Bitterhumle

 

 

 

Skriv et svar

Din e-mailadresse vil ikke blive offentliggjort. Krævede felter er markeret med *